According to the United States Geological Survey (USGS), only 30 percent of the natural resources that Afghanistan holds, worth more than 3 trillion U.S. dollars. This natural wealth includes iron ore, precious metals and stones of numerous type, and strategic minerals such as Lithium (Li), and Uranium (U). According to researchers conducted, Afghanistan holds 1,500 types of natural resources, the majority of which comes with significant economic value.
Afghanistan’s natural resources has many unique characteristics such as their quality, physically located close to major cities of Afghanistan, and unlike most of natural resources sites of world, located much more closer to the earth’s surface which makes mining of these highly valuable resources easier, quicker, and of course much cheaper.
Enactment of the new mining law, the existence of a suitable investment environment, and the Afghan government’s special efforts in facilitating mining contracts and rooting up corrupt administrative processes in this sector, are among other significant measures to encourage international investors to invest in the mining sector in Afghanistan.
As part of these efforts, the government of Afghanistan has also furthered survey efforts of the natural resources. The experts working for the Ministry of Mining and Petroleum of Afghanistan identified more than 1,400 sites holding large amounts of natural resources. Some of these mining regions such as the Ainak copper mine are the only mines of their types in the entire world.
Furthermore, in order to help foreign and domestic mining investors in Afghanistan, the Afghan geologists prepared and provided a complete natural map of Afghanistan that includes not only the mining regions but also the necessary excavation guides.
Although, the mining companies face many challenges globally, including security threats, many mining investors look into whether a particular set of natural resources sites—that they are interested in—can be developed, and used to their maximum efficiency. Therefore, the mining investors will have lesser investment obstacles in Afghanistan because on the one hand its government works hard to facilitate both the use, and developments of natural mines in Afghanistan, and on the other hand the government took specific measures to avert the existing and potential security threats. For example, the Ministry of Interior of Afghanistan provided a huge number of security forces to guard and protect the mining companies against security threats all over the country. In fact, the ministry has created an entire structure of force tasked only with protecting Afghanistan’s natural resources sites, and the companies that are engaged in excavation of these sites.
Therefore, it can be fairly concluded that Afghanistan has become a much better place for investment, and is a country with untouched valuable natural resources that has a very high potential for any type of big or small investors in this sector.